Each year on World AIDS Day, December 1, the world unites in the fight against HIV. It is estimated that 34 million people around the world are living with HIV and over 25 million people have died from the disease since 1981. The good news is that strong investments in HIV/AIDS research have resulted in remarkable scientific advances such as new prevention tools and drugs that allow individuals to manage their disease. However, there is still much more work to be done and World AIDS Day highlights the need for continued investments in research, education and improved access to treatment. It is also important to raise awareness of another category of diseases that can undermine efforts to eliminate HIV: neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).
NTDs affect over 1.4 billion people and there is significant overlap between NTD and HIV infection in many areas of the developing world. For example, females with schistosomiasis in Africa have a nearly 3-fold risk of HIV infection. Co-infection with HIV and NTDs like leishmaniasis or hookworm can dramatically worsen symptoms and speed up the progression of HIV to AIDS.
Advances in HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment have proven the incredible power of research to save lives and we must not retreat on our progress in the face of scientific advances. Funding for global health research and development that includes the advancement of new and improved tools against NTDs and HIV/AIDS will yield multiple benefits for our health. Smart and steady investments in global health R&D will help us realize our shared visions of a generation free from these debilitating diseases.
-Morgan McCloskey, global health intern