In November 2012, the Hudson Institute and the Global Network for Neglected Tropical Diseases released a Social and Economic Impact Review on Neglected Tropical Diseases. The report, which was the culmination of a comprehensive research and policy analysis study, outlined the economic and social impact of seven of the most common NTDs including lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, trachoma, schistosomiasis, hookworm, ascariasis and trichuriasis. These diseases impose a huge economic burden by causing roughly 46-57 million years of healthy life lost due to premature death or years lived with a disability. The report also quantified the economic burden in terms of lost productivity caused by NTDs and highlighted the success of current treatment efforts. For example, trachoma, the world’s leading cause of preventable blindness, causes up to $5.3 billion in lost economic productivity each year while treatment efforts for lymphatic filariasis have saved over $24 billion in lost economic productivity.
The report argues that one of the most promising ways to treat many of these NTDs is mass drug administration (MDA), which involves treating entire populations with drugs for the seven most common NTDs. These MDA programs are also successful examples of critical public private partnerships. The combination of federal government investments in basic R&D and private sector investment in later stage R&D has produced crucial drugs that private sector companies are now donating in order to support mass drug administration programs. These public private sector collaborations, combined with investments in research and development for new tools to control NTDs, remain one of the core recommendations from the report. Research!America will continue to advocate for federal government support for R&D for NTDs and will be working with the private sector to limit the economic devastation and healthy life years lost to these diseases.
-Chris Bennet, Senior Manager of Global Health R&D Advocacy